Real estate for Benjamin’s tribe
Israel meets Shiloh1The people of Israel met at Shiloh  and set up the tent worship center. 2Seven tribes still hadn’t captured their assigned land. 3Joshua told the people, “How long are you going to hang around and avoid doing what you know you have to do? You need to take the land that the LORD—the God of your ancestors—has already given you.
Scouting Canaan again4I want you to pick three men from each tribe. Send them on a scouting mission to survey the land. Then they’ll divide it among the seven tribes  that haven’t yet been assigned land. 5So, they’ll divide the land into seven sections. Judah will keep the southland territory it already has. So will Joseph’s two tribes  further north. 6When you finish writing the report, bring it to me. I’ll throw the dice  to determine who gets what, and I’ll do it with the LORD our God watching.
7The tribe of Levi  won’t get any of this land. Neither will the tribes of Gad, Reuben, and half of Manasseh. They already got their land east of the Jordan River. Moses, God’s worker, gave it to them. 8So, the scouts headed out to do their job. Joshua sent them on their way with these orders: “Survey the remaining land here in the region and write up your report. When you’re done, bring it back and I’ll throw dice here at Shiloh. The LORD will oversee this.” 9The men traveled all over the countryside. They made notes about the towns they saw. And they divided the land into seven sections.
10Joshua threw the dice at Shiloh, with the LORD overseeing it all. Then Joshua distributed the land based on the roll of the dice.
Benjamin’s boundaries11The dice put Benjamin’s tribe on a plug of land between the tribe of Judah and the brother-tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, descended from Joseph. 12Benjamin’s northern boundary started at the Jordan River and continued west along the north side of Jericho. It climbed into the hills and continued west to the fields of Beth-aven. 13From there, Benjamin’s western boundary drops south toward the hillside of Luz, also known as Bethel. The border continues dropping to Atroth-addar, on a hill south of Lower Beth-horon. 14The boundary curved onto the west side of the hill, then turned south along the south side of Beth-horon. It ended at Kiriath-baal, also known as Kiriath-jearim—a city in the tribe of Judah. That marked the extent of Benjamin’s western border.
15Benjamin’s southern border started there, along the outskirts of Kiriath-jearim. From there, it continued east to Nephtoah spring. 16The boundary dropped to the foot of the hill at Ben Hinnom Valley, on the north side of the Valley of Rephaim. 17The boundary turned north and continued to En-shemesh, then on to Geliloth, across from Adummin Hill. Next, it went to the Stone of Bohan, named after a son of Reuben. 18The boundary continued along the northern hillsides above the Jordan River Valley, then down into the valley below. 19Then the boundary dropped to the northern part of Beth-hoglah and onto the northern shore of the Dead Sea, ending at the Jordan River. That is Benjamin’s southern border. 20The Jordan River marked their eastern border. This is the land given to families in the tribe of Benjamin.
Benjamin’s cities21Here are the towns that fall within Benjamin’s territory:
22Beth-arabah, Zemaraim, Bethel,
23Avvim, Parah, Ophrah,
24Chephar-ammoni, Ophni, and Geba.
That’s a total of 12 towns with their outlying villages.
Gibeon, Ramah, Beeroth,
26Mizpeh, Chephirah, Mozah,
27Rekem, Irpeel, Taralah,
28Zela, Haeleph, Jebus (also called Jerusalem), Gibeah, and Kiriath-jearim.
That’s 14 towns with their villages, all of which belong to families living in Benjamin’s tribe.
Shiloh today is called Khirbet Seilun. It was near the center of Ephraim’s tribe, about 20 miles (32 km) north of Jerusalem.
The original Hebrew language simply says they’ll divide the land into seven sections. But Joshua 18 and 19 show the land is divided among the tribes of Benjamin, Simeon, Zebulun, Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, and Dan. The other tribes had already received their land: Reuben, Gad, Manasseh, Ephraim, and Judah.
Joseph’s inheritance of land was divided among the families that descended from his two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh. Jacob was the father of the 12 men whose families grew into what became the 12 tribes of Israel. When Jacob, living in Egypt, realized he was dying, he called in his sons to bless them. He also blessed Joseph’s two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh. Even better, he adopted them as his own sons. He promised them land in what is now Israel and Palestinian Territories—shares equal to what Jacob’s other sons would inherit (Genesis 48:5-20). Half the tribe of Manasseh settled east of the Jordan River. The other half, along with Ephraim, settled west of the river, in a prime stretch of land that extended to the Mediterranean Sea.
More literally, they were to throw or draw “lots.” The “lots” may have been stones or animal bones marked in a way that produced random outcomes for “yes” or “no” answers, or for determining who goes first in a group. The idea is like throwing dice, with the high number going first or getting selected. They seemed to expect that the LORD would control the selection process and give each tribe the land he wanted that tribe to have.
People from Levi’s tribe of priests and associates would make a living from offerings and animal sacrifices that the other tribes brought to the worship center. See 13:33; Deuteronomy 18:1-2. It’s a bit like ministers getting paid from the donations of worshipers.
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